The airstrike directed by Mr. Trump dramatically ratcheted up tensions between Washington and Tehran, and Iran’s leaders quickly promised retaliation for the general’s killing. Islamic Republic of Iran (from 1979) 1st Constitution (1979–1989) No. The American strike spurred mass displays of public mourning by Iran and its network of allies across the Middle East. We have to act and we will act.”, Asked if Iran would act militarily, Mr. Takht Ravanchi said: “That’s for the future to witness.”. The question is what services — pipelines? Barham Salih. Ms. Pelosi spoke with Mark T. Esper, the defense secretary, Thursday night after the attack, an aide said, but was not given advance notice. The late prime minister assumed his … But we caught him in the act. 26 Jan 2020 Baghdad ... and has good relations with both the United States and Iran,” Rushdi said. He also warned Iran against retaliating, saying, “If Americans anywhere are threatened, we have all of those targets already fully identified, and I am ready and prepared to take whatever action is necessary.”, He added, “that in particular refers to Iran.”. The United States Treasury Department put General Qaani on a blacklist in 2012 for what it called “financial disbursements” to various terrorist groups, including Hezbollah. In 2009, the United States Treasury Department designated Mr. al-Muhandis a “threat to stability in Iraq” and accused him of helping smuggle rockets, sniper rifles and other weapons into the country from Iran. Iranian leaders issued strident calls on Friday for revenge against the United States after the killing of Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani in an overnight airstrike at the Baghdad airport. The Prime Minister of Iraq is nervous , … But he was a powerful force in Iraq for years, and his death alone would have sent shock waves through the country. Iran’s Supreme National Security Council also held an emergency meeting on Friday, which the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, attended. He returned to Iraq in the aftermath of the American invasion in 2003 and briefly served in Iraq’s Parliament before dropping out of public view. Currently, there are 5 living former Prime Ministers. Born Jamal Jaafar Ibrahimi, he was better known by his nom de guerre and gained prominence as mostly Shiite militias formed to fight the Islamic State in 2014. Senator Tom Udall, Democrat of New Mexico, accused Mr. Trump of bringing the nation “to the brink of an illegal war with Iran.”, Senator Marco Rubio, Republican of Florida, said on Twitter that Mr. Trump had “exercised admirable restraint” and added that the Quds Force were “entirely to blame.”. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in an apparent message to US President-elect Joe Biden and his team, warned on Sunday against reengaging with Iran on the 2015 nuclear deal. The killing of General Suleimani “most likely” violated international law, Agnes Callamard, the United Nations expert on extrajudicial executions, said in a post on Twitter. The social media activity may just be an opening salvo, experts said. The strike immediately spurred debate among American lawmakers about President Trump’s war powers and left congressional leaders sharply divided along party lines. List of Prime Minister & Presidents in the world 2020 |Famous world leaders PDF Name of the Country Prime Minister Name President Name Afghanistan President – Ashraf Ghani Albania Ilir Meta Edi Rama Algeria Abdelmadjid Tebboune Abdelaziz Djerad Andorra Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia Xavier Espot Zamora President Trump authorized the attack early Friday at Baghdad International Airport that killed Iran’s top security and intelligence commander, Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani. In stark contrast, Republican lawmakers — including both Iran hawks and those who have frequently clashed with Mr. Trump over his foreign policy — have almost uniformly praised the move. We took action last night to stop a war. Prime Minister Boris Johnson had a bilateral meeting with President Emmanuel Macron at the Libya conference in Berlin. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif of Iran, left, with his Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov, in Moscow on Monday. The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution. Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu discussed the work of one of Iran's top nuclear scientists during a 2018 news conference about the country's allegedly ongoing nuclear development program. Around the time of the overnight strike, a Special Operations unit based in the United States boarded transport aircraft bound for the Middle East, one Defense Department official said. Amiri visited Washington in 2011. As the Iraqi Parliament approved Abdul Mahdi’s resignation, the race to name new prime minister … The general’s deputy succeeded him within hours, according to Iranian news agencies, with Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, appointing Brig. I'll write more details about this attack in my article. It is very important for us to have the correct information because every year the Prime Minister or President of some country changes. President Barham Salih designated Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi as the new prime minister late on Saturday. /AP Photo Iran is willing to give any assistance necessary to help Iraq overcome problems and to pass through a sensitive time, Mousavi said, according to … Al-Kadhimi succeeded Adel Abdul Mahdi, the former prime minister in the midst of a wave of protests that racked Iraq for nearly a year and led to the resignation of Abdul Mahdi on November 29, 2019. Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA, via Shutterstock. Iranian officials said the general’s body would be taken on a funeral procession around Baghdad, and that a funeral would be held for him in Tehran on Sunday. TEL AVIV: While Israel anxiously awaits a Biden Administration, it has made operational a new command focused entirely on Iran. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. Former intelligence chief Mustafa al-Kadhimi has been sworn in as the new prime minister. He pointed out that Iran is looking forward to a new and positive stage in its relations with Iraq, according to a statement issued by the media office of the Iraqi prime minister. “We cannot just remain silent. Speaker Nancy Pelosi demanded that the administration brief the full Congress on the strike and the next steps under consideration, noting that the move was made without lawmakers’ consultation or an authorization of military force. “As our supreme leader said in his message, a harsh revenge awaits the criminals who have the general’s blood on their hands. Damascus: Iraq’s new prime minister Mohammed Tawfic Allawi is less of a household name than his two predecessors, but he certainly carries traits that have been lacking in all post-Saddam premiers. Iran’s intelligence minister has warned the West that his country could push for nuclear weapons if crippling international sanctions on Tehran remain in place, state television reported Tuesday. It's an important visit for both countries. But they tweeted pro-Iranian, anti-American content at a rate of 3,000 tweets every 45 minutes, according to New York Times data. Gen. Ismail Qaani on a blacklist in 2012 for what it called “financial disbursements” to various terrorist groups, including Hezbollah. The general’s prominent role meant that his death could have a ripple effect in any number of countries across the Middle East where Iran and the United States compete for influence. Iran and the U.S. agree on Iraq’s latest nominee for prime minister. “His departure to God does not end his path or his mission, but a forceful revenge awaits the criminals who have his blood and the blood of the other martyrs last night on their hands,” the supreme leader said in a statement. The hackers have “developed the ability to disrupt critical infrastructure and they already have the ability to wipe data,” said James A. Lewis, a cybersecurity expert at the Center for Strategic Studies in Washington. After the US killed Kataib leader Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis in January 2020… The March 17 nomination of Adnan al-Zurfi as Iraq’s prime minister-designate highlights the extent to which Iran’s stranglehold on Iraqi politics could be eroding. List of World Presidents and Prime Ministers 2020 [Full Updated]. The Killing of Gen. Qassim Suleimani: What We Know Since the U.S. Airstrike, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/03/world/middleeast/iranian-general-qassem-soleimani-killed.html. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said he had spoken to top diplomats in Britain, China and Germany on Friday about what the State Department described as President Trump’s recent decision to carry out the strike “in response to imminent threats to American lives.”, Mr. Pompeo also told his foreign counterparts that the United States was committed to de-escalation, according to the State Department. Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani in October. “We have always recognized the aggressive threat posed by the Iranian Quds force led by Qassim Suleimani,” Mr. Raab said in a statement. “The great nation of Iran will take revenge for this heinous crime,” President Hassan Rouhani wrote on Twitter. His death is a considerable blow to Tehran, and Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, called for retaliation and for three days of national mourning. Iraqi Prime Minister Press Office via AP hide caption. Abdel Mahdi warned the Americans who took their precautions before the attack. He helped found a militia that fought against the United States, and was accused of training and equipping a network of anti-American groups. General Suleimani, a powerful strategist who represented Iran’s influence across the region, was killed by an American drone at Baghdad’s airport, in an attack that had been authorized by President Trump. Suleimani was plotting imminent and sinister attacks on American diplomats and military personnel. Suleimani was in a vehicle struck by two missiles as his convoy exited the airport. The strike, regarded by analysts as perhaps the riskiest American move in the Middle East since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, threatened to inflame hostilities across the region. It was not clear whether the activity was the work of actual accounts or state-backed bots, according to the Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensic Research Lab. “China has always opposed the use of force in international relations,” the spokesman, Geng Shuang, said at a daily news briefing, according to news agencies. Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi's highly anticipated leaders' summit in Washington this week may have helped to forestall a US military departure. In addition : Clairvoyant reading to Mustafa Al – Kadhimi ( Prime Minister of Iraq ) – December 12, 2020 – by Clairvoyant Stoyanka Staikova ….January 2021 – I see a head from which is leaving very strong energy – as on waves. Secret U.S.-Iran Deal May Have Secured Kadhimi’s Confirmation as Iraqi Prime Minister. The most recent death of a former Prime Minister was that of George H.W. Tehran’s most likely target, the experts added, would be the American private sector. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel cut short an official visit to Greece to return to Israel on Friday after the killing of Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani. America — and the world — cannot afford to have tensions escalate to the point of no return.”. In Yemen, the administration run by the Houthi rebels, who have received support from Iran in their war against Saudi Arabia, condemned the United States strike as a “cowardly attack” that “makes clear the increasing American spite against all who are in favor of justice for the Islamic world.”. The strike, Ms. Pelosi said in a statement late Thursday evening, “risks provoking further dangerous escalation of violence. The new prime minister, Mustafa al-Kadhimi, Iraq’s intelligence chief and a former journalist, will head the new government. American officials have also accused him of causing the deaths of hundreds of soldiers during the Iraq war and he was believed to have played a central role in orchestrating Iran’s support for the government of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria. To many Iranians, he was also a war hero, after becoming a commander while he was only in his 20s during the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. “This strike was aimed at deterring future Iranian attack plans,” the Pentagon said in a statement. Large crowds gathered for Friday Prayer in Iran and filled public squares with mass protests, while officials met privately to plot strategy and leaders vowed to avenge General Suleimani’s death. French President Emmanuel Macron meets former Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri (L) at the Pine Residence, the official residence of the French ambassador to Lebanon, in Beirut, on August 31, 2020. — Elijah J. Magnier (@ejmalrai) January 8, 2020 Oil prices jumped on Friday after the news of the general’s death: The price of Brent oil, the international benchmark, surged in the early hours of Hong Kong trading to nearly $70 a barrel — an increase of $3. Over the past five years, American officials and cybersecurity experts have tracked Iranian hackers as they have significantly advanced their capabilities beyond wiping data to sophisticated attacks on financial networks, internet infrastructure, energy companies — and, even more disconcerting, sites like the Bowman Dam in Westchester County and the Energy Department’s Idaho National Engineering Laboratory near Idaho Falls. Pro-Iranian demonstrators broke into the United States Embassy compound on Tuesday. Along with General Suleimani, it killed Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the leader of a powerful militia that is backed by Iran but under the umbrella of the Iraqi military. Use of drones for targeted killings outside active hostilities was “almost never likely to be legal,” she added. Gen. Ismail Qaani as leader of the Quds Force on Friday. Prior to 2015, however, the Saudis missed a critical opportunity to engage with the Iraqis — a missed opportunity that benefited Iran. The United States has long been at odds with Iran over its nuclear program and influence in Iraq and other countries in the region.