In Kuna tradition it symbolizes the octopus that created the world, its tentacles pointing to the four cardinal points. Swastika on a Roman mosaic in Veli Brijun, Croatia. Visse symbol, som mandala- eller kolam-mønster, skal hovudsakleg skjønast ut frå eit andeleg og ikkje eit intellektuelt synspunkt. [185] The Nazi Reichskriegsflagge has also been seen on display at white supremacist events within United States borders.[186]. In his 1925 work Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler writes that: "I myself, meanwhile, after innumerable attempts, had laid down a final form; a flag with a red background, a white disk, and a black hooked cross in the middle. [8] The counterclockwise sauvastika is less used; it connotes the night, and in tantric traditions it is an icon for the goddess Kali, the terrifying form of Devi Durga. In Chinese it is called 萬字 (wànzì) meaning "all things symbol", pronounced manji in Japanese, manja (만자) in Korean and vạn tự / chữ vạn in Vietnamese. [47] Likewise, according to René Guénon the swastika is drawn by visualising the Big Dipper/Great Bear in the four phases of revolution around the pole star. In Mongolian it is called Хас (khas) and mainly used in seals. [194], In East Asia, the swastika is prevalent in Buddhist monasteries and communities. The word swastika comes from Sanskrit: स्वस्तिक, romanized: svástika, meaning "conducive to well-being". [1][2][3] "[172][173], The European Union's Executive Commission proposed a European Union-wide anti-racism law in 2001, but European Union states failed to agree on the balance between prohibiting racism and freedom of expression. Hopp til navigering Hopp til søk Denne sida vart sist endra den 8. juli 2010 kl. [81], The swastika shape (also called a fylfot) appears on various Germanic Migration Period and Viking Age artifacts, such as the 3rd-century Værløse Fibula from Zealand, Denmark, the Gothic spearhead from Brest-Litovsk, today in Belarus, the 9th-century Snoldelev Stone from Ramsø, Denmark, and numerous Migration Period bracteates drawn left-facing or right-facing.[82]. Many Indian auto-rickshaws feature the swastika to ward off ill-fortune. Oransje – eigentleg safranfarge – symboliserer sjølve hinduismen, mellom anna i det indiske flagget. [53], The earliest known swastika is from 10,000 BCE – part of "an intricate meander pattern of joined-up swastikas" found on a late paleolithic figurine of a bird, carved from mammoth ivory, found in Mezine, Ukraine. Denne retninga gjer at ein vender den symbolsk reine høgresida av kroppen mot det heilage, og er rekna som lukkebringande. [81] Davidson cites "many examples" of the swastika symbol from Anglo-Saxon graves of the pagan period, with particular prominence on cremation urns from the cemeteries of East Anglia. Mange hinduar påfører seg farga merke på kroppen, særleg i pannen, anten dagleg eller ved særskilde høve. Mal:Symbol i hinduismen. [12][8] The swastika is a sacred symbol in the Bön religion, native to Tibet. The Swastika, or the Thor's hammer as the logo was called, was used as the logo for H/f. In Ethiopia the Swastika is carved in the window of the famous 12th Century rock-hewn church Lalibela. [159][160] High-ranking Nazi theorist Alfred Rosenberg noted that the Indo-Aryan peoples were both a model to be imitated and a warning of the dangers of the spiritual and racial "confusion" that, he believed, arose from the proximity of races. The investigators put forth the theory that the swastika moved westward from India to Finland, Scandinavia, the Scottish Highlands and other parts of Europe. 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The icon has been of spiritual significance to Indian religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. A design of interlocking swastikas is one of several tessellations on the floor of the cathedral of Amiens, France. Ein prest eller guru kan binda eit enkelt armband av klede, som symbol på Guds vern og hjelp, til den truande si armrist. The Grand Cross with the swastika collar has been awarded 41 times to foreign heads of state. It is commonly referred as the manji (lit. [43], According to René Guénon, the swastika represents the north pole, and the rotational movement around a centre or immutable axis (axis mundi), and only secondly it represents the Sun as a reflected function of the north pole. According to the protocol, the president shall wear the Grand Cross of the White Rose with collar on formal occasions. The flag they adopted at that time is based on the swastika shape, and remains the official flag of Kuna Yala. In red, we see the social idea of the movement; in white, the nationalistic idea; in the hooked cross, the mission of the struggle for the victory of the Aryan man, and, by the same token, the victory of the idea of creative work. [86] In 1919 it was approved as insignia for the Kalmyk formations,[87] and for a short period had a certain popularity amongst some artists, politics and army groups. Lingam og yoni, stiliserte figurar av henhaldsvis mannlege og kvinnelege kjønnsorgan, er symbol for livskraft. [7][8] In Hinduism, the right-facing symbol (卐) is called swastika, symbolizing surya ("sun"), prosperity and good luck, while the left-facing symbol (卍) is called sauvastika, symbolizing night or tantric aspects of Kali. Vatn står for reinsemd, velstand og skaparkraft. This piece was found at Qau-el-Kebir, near Asyut, and is dated between CE 300 and 600. Temples, businesses and other organisations, such as the Buddhist libraries, Ahmedabad Stock Exchange and the Nepal Chamber of Commerce,[200] use the swastika in reliefs or logos. [163], Because of its use by Nazi Germany, the swastika since the 1930s has been largely associated with Nazism. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie. Ein kan ofte kjenna att ein hindu gjennom pannemerket eller eit hindutempel gjennom den typiske kuppelen eller tempelflagget, eller identifisera ein gud gjennom tinga han held eller dyr han er avbilda saman med. In 2006 the Stade police department started an inquiry against anti-fascist youths using a placard depicting a person dumping a swastika into a trashcan. Ein viktig del av hinduisk utøving er å laga eller sjå teikn som skal bringa lukke eller gje nærleik til Gud. Ofte blir det skvetta vassdropar på ein bananblad ein skal eta på, eller bakken der ein har ete, for å reinska dei. It represents the activity (the Hellenic Logos, the Hindu Om, the Chinese Taiyi, "Great One") of the principle of the universe in the formation of the world. The tower they support is topped with a spire, in the middle of which is a swastika.[125]. Innan hinduismen blir fleire ting eller merke brukt på kroppen som teikn på gudsfrykt. The swastika symbol, 卐 (right-facing or clockwise) or 卍 (left-facing or counterclockwise), is an ancient religious icon in the cultures of Eurasia. Their origin was the personal coat of arms of Abbot Theoderich Hagn of the monastery in Lambach, which bore a golden swastika with slanted points on a blue field. Yoga og lotusstilling er også kjende uttrykk for hinduisme i Vesten, men blir også brukte i sekulære samanhengar, som trening og nokre typar meditasjon. A number of variations on the flag have been used over the years: red top and bottom bands instead of orange were previously used, and in 1942 a ring (representing the traditional Kuna nose-ring) was added to the center of the flag to distance it from the symbol of the Nazi party.[154]. [44] According to Guénon, the swastika in its polar value has the same meaning of the yin and yang symbol of the Chinese tradition, and of other traditional symbols of the working of the universe, including the letters Γ (gamma) and G, symbolizing the Great Architect of the Universe of Freemasonic thought. [89][90], The neo-Nazi Russian National Unity group's branch in Estonia is officially registered under the name "Kolovrat" and published an extremist newspaper in 2001 under the same name. A meander of connected swastikas makes up the large band that surrounds the Augustan Ara Pacis. Zobrazuje se 12 podkategorií z celkového počtu 12 podkategorií v této kategorii. Tradisjonelle indiske klede er tett knytte til religion. Religiøse symbol i form av skrift, teikningar, ting og handlingar er særs viktige innan hinduismen. [5], Himmelretningane er forbundne med gudar og eigenskapar. ", "Planted in 1933 this mysterious forest swastika remained unnoticed until 1992 – it was then quickly cut down", "Battle of Britain hero's medals to go under the hammer", "Stuttgart Seeks to Ban Anti-Fascist Symbols", "Bundesgerichtshof press statement No. In 2017, the old logo of Finnish Air Force Command with Swastika was replaced by a new logo showing golden eagle and a circle of wings. [74] The clockwise symbol is more common, and contrasts with the counter clockwise version common in the Tibetan Bon tradition and locally called yungdrung. [12], The right-facing swastika (卐) was adopted by several organizations in pre–World War I Europe, and later by the Nazi Party and Nazi Germany before World War II. He also stated: "As National Socialists, we see our program in our flag. [citation needed]. Ho blir brukt i mange ulike seremoniar, mellom anna ved byrjinga av eit nytt prosjekt, som eit nybygg, ved visse høgtider, eller som offer til ein guddom og seinare prasad, heilag mat til dei truande. Chief William Neptune of the Passamaquoddy, wearing a headdress and outfit adorned with swastikas, Illustration of the Horned Serpent by artist Herb Roe based on an engraved shell cup from Spiro, Oklahoma. The Nazi swastika used a 5 × 5 diagonal grid, but with the legs unshortened.[37]. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Traditional textiles are still made in Finland with swastikas as parts of traditional ornaments. Kategorie:Symbol (Hinduismus). God). Sjiva blir som regel ikkje framstilt i menneskeleg form for tilbeding, men i form av ein linga, som symboliserer ein kosmisk søyle. The stole worn by a priest in the 1445 painting of the Seven Sacraments by Rogier van der Weyden presents the swastika form simply as one way of depicting the cross. Schliemann's work soon became intertwined with the political völkisch movements, which used the swastika as a symbol for the "Aryan race" – a concept that theorists such as Alfred Rosenberg equated with a Nordic master race originating in northern Europe. Raudt pulver ved hårfestet er også eit symbol som blir brukt av gifte kvinner i Nord-India. Hinduismus, sive religio Hinduica, est vernacula praepollensque religio vel memoria religiosa Asiae Meridianae.Hinduismus a suis fautoribus saepe appellatur Sanātana Dharma (Sanscritice: सनातन धर्म 'lex aeterna') vel Hindū Dharma (हिन्दू धर्म). [51] as well as an article concerning carpet decoration in Good Housekeeping. [8] In Jainism, a swastika is the symbol for Suparshvanatha – the seventh of 24 Tirthankaras (spiritual teachers and saviours), while in Buddhism it symbolizes the auspicious footprints of the Buddha. Lafayette Escadrille insignia of the 103rd Aero Squadron and 3rd Pursuit Group. During the Bronze Age it was depicted on cauldrons, belts, medallions and other items. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. [6][16][17], In Hindu and Buddhist cultures, the swastika is a holy symbol. Bovendien is een informele definitie en een voorbeeld toegevoegd. It was used by the Nazi Party to symbolize German nationalistic pride. Til dømes la BJP-politikaren og tidlegare minister L.K. [101] Related symbols in classical Western architecture include the cross, the three-legged triskele or triskelion and the rounded lauburu. Ein kjenner ofte til at kyr er viktige i hinduismen, men oppfattar det gjerne slik at alle kyr er heilage fordi dei går laust i gatene. In Bhutan, swastika motif is found in its architecture, fabric and religious ceremonies. ", When Hitler created a flag for the Nazi Party, he sought to incorporate both the swastika and "those revered colors expressive of our homage to the glorious past and which once brought so much honor to the German nation". It symbolized many things to the Europeans, with the most common symbolism being of good luck and auspiciousness. "right swastika"), and can also be called kagi jūji (鉤十字, literally "hook cross"). The logo was replaced in 1933, when Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. Many Chinese religions make use of the swastika symbol, including Guiyidao and Shanrendao. Im Hinduismus ist die Swastika das wichtigste Symbol nach dem Om. I samband med religiøse ritual tek ein ofte på seg reint tøy, og til høgtider bruker ein gjerne nytt tøy for første gong. [148], The swastika motif is found in some traditional Native American art and iconography. Iwwerbléck. in India ortus est. Eit anna kjent handteikn som kan tolkast som ein mudra er helsinga namaskara (namaste), der ein set handflatane mot kvarandre slik at hendene dannar ein spiss framfor kroppen, andletet eller over hovudet. The Cross of Liberty is depicted in the upper left corner of the standard of the President of Finland. 22:31 (CEST) [daud lenkje April 2017 um 22:21 Uhr bearbeitet. It can be visited today because the church became the archaeological museum of the city. Fleire gudar har våpen som symbol. Einträge in der Kategorie „Symbol (Buddhismus)“ Folgende 19 Einträge sind in dieser Kategorie, von 19 insgesamt. The swastika is a Navajo symbol for good luck, also translated to "whirling log". Freed, S. A. and R. S., "Origin of the Swastika", Dunham, Dows "A Collection of 'Pot-Marks' from Kush and Nubia", Kush, 13, 131–147, 1965, a term coined by Anna Roes, "Tierwirbel", IPEK, 1936–37. [196], In Japan, the swastika is also used as a map symbol and is designated by the Survey Act and related Japanese governmental rules to denote a Buddhist temple.[199]. Buddhismus (e verbo buddha 'sapiens, vigilatus'), sive Buddhae religio, est corpus praeceptorum saepe religio habitum, vel tantum modus vivendi, qui circa saeculum sextum a.C.n. They pointed out that the swastika has been around for 5,000 years as a symbol of peace. [165], As a result, all use of it, or its use as a Nazi or hate symbol, is prohibited in some countries, including Germany. Asketform av Sjiva er også kjenneteikna av ein halvmåne som han ofte har i det lange, filtra håret sitt. The word was first recorded by the ancient linguist Pāṇini in his work Ashtadhyayi.

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